Title: The social cost of automobility, cycling and walking in the European Union.
Authors: Gössling, Stefan; Choi, Andy; Dekker, Kaely; Metzler, Daniel
Document Type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Add. Document Type: Elektronisches Dokument
Language: englisch
Language of Summary: englisch
Journal: Ecological economics
Publisher Country: Niederlande
Publisher Location: Amsterdam
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2019
Volume: 158
Issue: April
Page(s): 65-74
Features: Lit.
ISSN: 0921-8009
Abstract: Cost-benefit-analyses (CBA) are widely used to assess transport projects. Comparing various CBA frameworks, this paper concludes that the range of parameters considered in EU transport CBA is limited. A comprehensive list of criteria is presented, and unit costs identified. These are used to calculate the external and private cost of automobility, cycling and walking in the European Union. Results suggest that each kilometer driven by car incurs an external cost of €0.11, while cycling and walking represent benefits of €0.18 and €0.37 per kilometer. Extrapolated to the total number of passenger kilometers driven, cycled or walked in the European Union, the cost of automobility is about €500 billion per year. Due to positive health effects, cycling is an external benefit worth €24 billion per year and walking €66 billion per year. CBA frameworks in the EU should be widened to better include the full range of externalities, and, where feasible, be used comparatively to better understand the consequences of different transport investment decisions.
Deskriptors: Verkehrskosten
Autoverkehr
Fahrradverkehr
Fußgängerverkehr
Kosten-Nutzen-Analyse
Soziale Kosten
Externe Kosten
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.12.016
metadata.dcterms.accessRights: Frei verfügbar
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